The farm

 Oline Wintervold. Rasmusvollen at Stikkjildalen
Oline Wintervold. Rasmusvollen at Stikkjildalen
The farms in Røros were made up of three components: the house with the animals, the gardens and the upland summer farm and dairy. Because the houses and farms were packed close together along the streets, the farmers had to clear and plant land that was outside town.

Randi Borgos

They cleared parcels of land, called gardens or allotments where they planted feed for the cattle. At each place they set up a small shed where the feed was stored before they collected it as required during the winter. Each farm had 2 or 3 plots, which they owned and farmed. At the end of the 1800s there were some 700 of these cleared plots around Røros. The landscape resembled a patchwork quilt and the ownership boundaries were complicated. The plots of land varied in size from a half to 4 acres.

A farm should also have its own upland property where it was essential to graze the animals during the summer months. The people from Røros cleared all the available land around the hills of the town. The best areas were popular. As long as the people lived in the summer cottages high up on the slopes tending their animals then Røros was their winter dwelling.

Not everyone had a summer or upland farm. Some had to make do with a summer cow shed on the edge of the planted area outside town. Those who looked after the animals went out morning and evening and carried the milk back home.

 Rasmusvollen at Stikkjildalen illustrated by Sverre Odegaard in 1975.
Rasmusvollen at Stikkjildalen illustrated by Sverre Odegaard in 1975.
During recent generations Rasmusgaarden owned three plots of land east of the town at Smaasetren (small summer farm), and another plot to the south-west at Stormoen. The summer farm and dairy belonging to the family was called Rasmusvollen at Stikkjildalen. At Stikkjildalen the pasture was lush for the animals. In all there were 5 summer farms in this upland area. The people from Rasmusgaarden went up to their summer farm each year until 1970 when farming was finally ended.


Røros was added to UNESCOs of World Heritage Sites in 1980, refer also to Riksantikvaren, ( Norwegian Inspectorate of Ancient Monuments and Historic Buildings).
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